Gingivitis also referred to as bleeding gums is caused due to inflammation of the gums. This inflammation is mainly caused due to bad oral hygiene. Gingivitis is a periodontal disease which affects the surrounding gums and tissues. If not treated in time it can lead to serious problems like periodontitis eventually causing destruction of the bone and lose of teeth. However at early stages gingivitis is not very painful.
Symptoms of gingivitis include painful gums, bleeding while brushing, red gums, swollen gums, tender gums, bad breath and bad taste in mouth.
The common cause of gum inflammation is the local irritant. Plague, bacteria and food particles accumulating between the gums cause gingivitis due to the toxic chemicals produced by the bacteria.
Other causes that cause gum inflammation are drugs, viral and fungal infections, hormonal changes during pregnancy and puberty, poor nutrition, medication, lack of hygiene etc.
Home remedies to cure gum inflammation include usage of products that contain essential oils, gargling with saline water daily twice, rubbing clove oil on the gums or keep clove in the mouth, usage of anti-bacterial mouthwash etc. Other remedies to cure gingivitis are usage mouthwash containing sage oil, peppermint, menthol and chamomile tincture. Toothpaste containing sage oil, peppermint oil etc. are also highly recommended.
The diet suggested to patients suffering with gingivitis includes
- Consumption of low saturated fats.
- Lots of fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Food rich in fiber.
- Vitamin C is very essential to improve gum conditions.
- Avoid sugar, fruit juices, white flour, white rice, soft drinks and syrups.
If the condition is very serious it is recommended that the patient visits a dentist as he will thoroughly clean the mouth and gums and remove plague etc. Oral hygiene is very essential to prevent this condition from reoccurring. Using dental floss is advisable; also avoid stress as it contributes to plague accumulation.