The prediabetic condition is a serious, but nearly silent, health factor affecting the lives of close to 79 million people across America.
The lack of early detection and management of this prediabetic condition can lead to more serious health complications such as: type 2 diabetes, pharmaceutical dependence, insulin injections, nerve damage (neuropathy), eye damage (retinopathy), kidney disease, heart disease and chronic fatigue—all serious and costly health problems.
It could be you – or a loved one.
Fortunately, with early detection the diabetes condition can be managed, and often reversed, through moderate exercise and balanced daily nutrition to maintain healthy blood glucose metabolism.
If you or someone you love is experiencing fatigue, elevated blood pressure, excessive urination, shortness of breath and a few extra pounds over the average recommended weight, you may want to consider talking to your doctor about your risk for developing diabetes.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes
- Weight. If you are overweight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) greater than 25, you’re at higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
- A family history of diabetes. If a parent or sibling in your family has diabetes, your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases.
- Age over 45. The chance of getting type 2 diabetes increases with age.
- Race or ethnic background. The risk of type 2 diabetes is greater in Hispanics, African-Americans, Native Americans, and Asians.
- Metabolic syndrome (also called insulin resistance syndrome).
- Hypertension. High blood pressure increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- Abnormal cholesterol levels. HDL (“good”) cholesterol levels under 35 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) and/or a triglyceride level over 250 mg/dL increases your risk of type 2 diabetes.
- History of gestational diabetes. Getting diabetes during pregnancy or delivering a baby over nine pounds can increase your risk of type 2 diabetes.
Blood Sugar by the Numbers
There are three tests that healthcare providers use to determine if you have a prediabetic or early stage diabetic condition. Those three tests are the HbA1c test, the Fasting Blood Glucose test (FBG), and Oral Glucose Tolerance test (OGT).
|Prediabetic condition||Diabetic condition|
|HbA1c test||Between 5.7 – 6.4%||Greater than 6.5%|
|Fasting Blood Glucose test||100 to 126 mg/dl||Greater than 126 mg/dl|
|Oral Glucose Tolerance test||140 to 200 mg/dl||Greater than 200 mg/dl|