Article written by Health Cyber
Phlegm is the mucus that is secreted by the mucous member of the respiratory tract and is very common. Accumulation of phlegm causes congestion of the chest and throat. Phlegm is expelled out of the body through the mouth especially while coughing. However, phlegm can be very uncomfortable and embarrassing and it leads to constant throat congestion, constant throat clearing, coughing and also cause shortness of breath. Phlegm can disturb sleep and if not treated at the right time can lead to clogging or irritation of the bronchial tubes resulting in secondary upper respiratory tract infection.
Symptoms of phlegm are:
- Regular throat cleaning due to formation of gel like substance.
- Shortness of breath.
- Constant cough which leads to muscle weakening and soreness.
- Runny nose
Causes of phlegm are:
- Seasonal flu results in phlegm being the byproduct.
- Allergies of sinusitis.
- Viral or bacterial infections such as influenza, bronchitis, pneumonia etc.
- Excessive smoking
- Serious lung conditions.
The phlegm needs to be examined by the doctors’ inorder to determine the actual cause of formation and the treatment. Light, semi clear phlegm is not to worry. Dark stained mucus is caused due to excessive smoking. Blood in phlegm indicates a serious respiratory problem and needs immediate medical attention for cure.
Home remedies to cure phlegm are:
- Over-the-counter flue medicines can help avoid phlegm formation.
- Inhaling hot steam can help clear the congestion and make it easier to expel the phlegm. It is recommended that vapor rub or handful of mint or eucalyptus leaves be boiled with water and the hot steam inhale, this works like magic.
- Using humidifier can also ease congestion.
- Honey mixed with a pinch of pepper and taken twice day can also be beneficial.
- Lemon slice mixed with salt and pepper helps clear the throat.
Patients suffering with seriously congestion due to accumulation of phlegm are recommended to consume lots of warm fluids like soups and broths. Drinking a minimum of eight glasses of water a day is very essential. Juices rich in vitamin C are also beneficial. These liquids prevent the hardening of the phlegm thus making it easy to expel.
A Diet rich in ginger is also recommended as it is a natural decongestant and can fight infections. Ginger also eases up the throat and chest congestion, thus making it easy to breath. Sewing on a raw strip of ginger or having ginger tea is also beneficial.
Processed foods, excessive sugar and dairy products should be avoided as these can thicker the phlegm. Alcohol and cigarettes should also be avoided as these can irritate the throat and worsen the condition.