Morning sickness also known as nausea gravidarum is a condition mainly experience by women at early stages of pregnancy. Morning sickness causes nausea and in many cases vomiting. It usually begins around the sixth week of pregnancy and stops by the twelfth week. Morning sickness is also experienced by women seeking hormonal replacement therapy or hormonal contraception. This condition begins during the early morning and elevates throughout the day.
Symptoms of morning sickness are severe that it causes dehydration, weight loss, alkalosis which reduces the hydrogen ion concentration in the blood plasma and hypokalemia which causes a decrease in the potassium level in the body. Hyperemesis Gravidarum which is a rare condition in pregnant women is a more severe form of morning sickness which even results in the patient being hospitalized. Nausea, vomiting, extreme fatigue, sleepiness, backaches, constipation, frequent urination, food cravings, increased sensitivity to smells, abdominal cramps, darkening and sensitivity of the breast are various symptoms of morning sickness.
Morning sickness is a sign of healthy pregnancy and doctors believe that higher rate of morning sickness lower is the chances of miscarriage. Morning sickness can also be caused due to rise in the estrogen level circulating in the blood. Progesterone can also be a cause of morning skin as it slows down the digestion and absorption of the food which adversely increases the stomach acids causing nausea and vomiting. Morning sickness can also be caused due to increase of HCG i.e. Human Chronic Gonadotopin which increases after the implantation of the fetus and tends to increase continuously up till the twelfth week.
Remedies for morning sickness are:
- Eating dry cracker or digestive biscuits before you get out of the bed.
- Taking naps during the day.
- Good rest in the nights.
- Breathing lot of fresh air especially when strong smells are around.
- Staying away from uncomfortable weather condition as it can increase nausea.
Recommended diet for morning sickness includes:
- Avoiding greasing and spicy foods and any food those are difficult to digest.
- Following your cravings.
- Having smaller meals at smaller intervals.
- Having ginger or lemon tea as they can ease away nausea.
It is also recommended that patient gets out of bed slowly; brushing teeth on empty stomach is not recommended. Consult a doctor if morning sickness worsens.