Mononucleosis also known as glandular fever, mono, Pfeiffer’s disease and kissing disease is caused by a virus known as Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) which is transmitted through contact with the infected saliva. Mononucleosis is an infection that affects the liver, respiratory system and lymphatic system. Teenagers and young adults are more prone to this disease.
Symptoms of mononucleosis are loss of appetite, sore throat, swollen tonsils or lymph glands, fever, fatigue, headache, enlarged liver, enlarged spleen, jaundice, muscle soreness, irregular heartbeat etc. These symptoms may last for weeks.
Mononucleosis is caused when individuals come in direct contact with the virus infected saliva either through sneezing, coughing, kissing or sharing utensils, lip glass etc. EBV is highly non contagious as it can only be transferred through contact with the infected saliva.
Patients suffering from mononucleosis are suggested to rest and avoid too much stress since this disease affects the liver and the spleen which is dangerous.
Aromatherapy using eucalyptus, bergamot and lavender essential oils my help relieve fatigue. Garlic can help fight viral infection. Gargling with salt water or slippery elm bark and licorice may help relieve sore throat. Cleavers and wild indigo helps clean the lymphatic system. Yarrow and elder flower help reduce fever.
Suggested diets for patients suffering with mononucleosis include:
- Consuming healthy diet to boost the immune system, eating six small meals instead of 3 large meals including fresh fruits, vegetables etc.
- Intake of Vitamin A, B-Complex, C, Magnesium, Potassium and Calcium.
- Avoid eating meat, saturated fats and decaffeinated drinks.
- Avoid sports and stressful activities.
Also avoid sharing personnel items like toothbrush, glasses etc. Maintain good hygiene and wash hand regularly. Avoid contact with infected people. Yoga and meditation will help reduce stress.